Dorfman Irina Igorevna, Postgraduate student, Taganrog State Pedagogical Institute named after A.P.Chekhov (48 Initsiativnaya street, Taganrog, Rostov-on-Don region, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Nonverbal communication as the most ancient and basic form of communication, it is rather well studied, however, still researchers have made no attempts to characterize features of the use of nonverbal means of communication of etiquette speech genre of greeting/farewell by the material of the Russian fiction prose of the XIX–XX centuries. Studying of these features is the main objective of our research.
Materials and methods. System approach to objects of studying, and also achievements of the last years in the field of the theory of speech genres formed a methodological basis of research. The analysis of the material was carried out on the basis of the descriptive method with application of receptions of the sociolinguistic and psycholinguistic analysis, and also by means of research receptions of systematization and classification of the obtained data.
Results. The analysis of the linguistic literature showed that in the course of interaction of people from 60 to 80 % of communication is carried out at the expense of nonverbal means of expressions and only 20–40 % of information is transferred by means of verbal means, andtherefore we consider studying of nonverbal components of etiquette speech genre of greeting/farewell to be one of the priority directions.
Conclusions. Coding and decoding of signals of nonverbal communication is the complex challenge the successful solution of which depends on a significant amount of factors. The knowledge of such factors is necessary due to the fact that the correctness of a choice of the speech genre nonverbal components of greeting/farewell depends on whether the main goal of this genre is realized or not.
1. Golubeva I. V. Sovremennye problemy lingvistiki i metodiki prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka v vuze i v shkole: sb. nauch. tr. [Modern problems of linguistics and Russian language teaching technique in universities and schools: collected papers]. Voronezh: Nauchnaya kniga, 2010, iss. 14, part 1, pp. 95–100.
2. Dement'ev V. V. Teoriya rechevykh zhanrov [Theory of speech genres]. Moscow: Znak, 2010, 600 p.
3. Shmeleva T. V. Zhanry rechi [Speech genres]. Saratov: Kolledzh, 1997, pp. 88–98.
4. Kreydlin G. E. Rechevoy etiket: semantika i pragmatika: tematicheskiy vypusk Moskovskogo
lingvisticheskogo zhurnala [Speech etiquette: semantics and pragmatics: theme issue of the Moscow linguistic journal] Moscow: Izdatel'skiy tsentr RGGU, 2002, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 53–66.
5. Kibanov A. Ya., Zakharov D. K., Konovalova V. G. Etika delovykh otnosheniy: ucheb. [Ethics of business relations: textbook]. Moscow: INFRA-M, 2002, 368 p.
6. Labunskaya V. A. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya: Khrestomatiya: ucheb. posobie dlya studentov vuzov [Social psychology: Reader: tutorial for university students]. Moscow: Aspekt Press, 2003, pp. 84–110.
7. Lamb W., Watson E. Body code: The meaning in movement. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., 1979.
8. Volkov B. S., Volkova N. V. Psikhologiya obshcheniya v detskom vozraste [Psychology of communication in childhood]. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2008, 272 p.
9. Available at: http://lib.rus.ec/